September 2017 - Volume 14 - Issue 3 | Friday September 22, 2017
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CBD- The other Cannabinoid

My prediction is that we will start seeing CBD’s in vitamins, smoothies, and all types of nutritional supplements. We are already starting to see CBD’s in dog food as the veterinarians start to awaken to the presence of Endocannabinoid receptors in dogs. Humans also have Endocannabinoid receptors throughout the body and this was discovered just over 20 years ago. In fact, research has shown that we are significantly deficient in cannabinoids which we used to get in our food source from the fact that animals used to eat Cannabis/ hemp plants as they grazed. The human body has receptors for CB1 and CB2. These receptors are located in areas of the body such as the Brain, Spinal cord, cerebellum, Thalamus, Thyroid, Liver, Adrenals, Ovaries, Uterus, Prostate, Eyes, Stomach, Heart, Digestive Tract, and others. CBD’s are now being investigated as treatment for Parkinsons disease, epilepsy, and even Cancer. Cannabinoids bind to these receptors and produce the medical benefits of immune system strengthening and other pharmacological effects.

The Source
The Cannabis plant has over 100 cannabinoids that we are only just learning the medical benefits of. Cannabinoids are the primary compound found in the cannabis plant. The two main cannabinoids are Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) which has a euphoric/ psychoactive effect and Cannabidiol (CBD) which is non-euphoric. CBD was originally patented by the United States Government in 2003 as a neuroprotectant and antioxidant. Over 90% of the Cannabis plant can by used for medical and functional purposes. Although the plant and THC products are considered Schedule I drugs under Federal standards, there is a growing legal market for “hemp oils” and “CBD oil”.
 
Where can you get it?
The interesting thing about CBD products is that they are most commonly found in “vape shops” in Florida. With this considered, it is important to research and understand the purity and extraction methods used. There are also content verified brands such as Green Roads World which is based in Florida and has all of its products made in South Florida under the supervision of a licensed pharmacist and is produced in an ISO 6 clean room with over 5,000 distribution points. You can even purchase hemp oil in Whole Foods now. Green Roads World has a wellness brand of products that is pharmacist formulated and only available to physicians currently.
 
Effective Delivery Systems
CBD products are administered in many ways that are similar to THC consumption, except it is not traditionally smoked. CBD extracts are used to make edibles such as gummies, lollypops, and teas. There are also capsules containing CBD and drops that are administered sublingually. You will find that the individuals that sell CBD will not recommend a particular amount or dosage and will refer the customer back to a physician for specific recommendations.
 
Extraction Method
In order to extract CBD from the Cannabis plant, a CO2 (Carbon dioxide) extraction method is typically used where CO2 is contained in a low temperature and high pressure environment. This process of extraction is highly scientific. With CO2 in a liquid state, it is then possible to extract CO2 and terpenes from the plant. Terpenes are found in other foods such as apples and chocolate as well. It is critical that the plants (cannabis flower) used are free from contaminants and pesticides, which is why it is best to use a brand that has third party testing results as well as pharmacist supervision if at all possible.
 
Determining which patients will benefit
It is recommended that physicians attend seminars and educate themselves on the endocannabinoid system in the body. There will be more and more patients initiating the discussion about how CBD or THC can help them with their ailments. There is an upcoming symposium especially for physicians that is taking place in South Florida on March 11, 2017. Visit website www.cannaholdings.com for more information.

Scheril Murray Powell, Associate at Doumar, Allsworth, Laystrom, Voigt, Wachs, and Adair LLP, General Counsel at Patience with Patients, and General Counsel at Minorities 4 Medical Marijuana, can be reached at smpesquire@outlook.com or (561) 929-4678.

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