South Florida Hospital News
Tuesday July 16, 2019
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July 2019 - Volume 16 - Issue 1

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Obesity Health Risks

Almost 40 percent of U.S. adults and 18.5 percent of youth are obese, according to the 2015-2016 findings by the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The findings are important because obesity health risks create a number of medical issues such as high blood pressure, diabetes and heart disease. Obesity hampers mobility and may have a negative effect on self-esteem. 
 
Definition of Obesity
 
Obesity in adults is having a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or more, and extreme obesity is 40+ BMI. In youth (up to age 19), obesity is being at or above the 95th percentile on the CDC growth charts, with extreme obesity at or above the 120 percent mark. BMI is a calculation that is a relationship between height and weight. Many factors influence weight, including family history, eating habits, hormones, lifestyle choices and psychological factors.
 
Obesity isn’t just a cosmetic issue defined by eating too much and lack of self-control. Obesity is a progressive disease that may increase due to chronic sleep loss, stress, some medications, pollutants and eating types of food such as those high in corn syrup, sugar, fat or processed meats.
Types of Obesity Health Risks
People who are morbidly obese have the greatest risk for developing serious obesity-related medical conditions. Common conditions associated with obesity are:
Type 2 diabetes
Heart disease-related issues such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, angina, congestive heart failure
Stroke
Bone and joint problems including arthritis, back and joint pain, knee pain
Breathing issues like asthma or sleep apnea
Infertility or pregnancy complications, including gestational diabetes, high blood pressure, pre-eclampsia and C-section delivery
Gallbladder disease
Gastrointestinal issues
Liver disease
Kidney disease
Stress urinary incontinence
Depression and eating disorders
Certain types of cancers
Skin fold rashes
Dementia and Alzheimer’s disease
 
Finally, morbid obesity increases the risk of dying at a young age due to the many health issues contributed by obesity. 
What to Do About Obesity Health Risks
Many programs are available to help with weight loss. For people who have tried numerous diets and have not been successful in keeping off weight, bariatric surgery may be a solution for weight loss. Many of the benefits of bariatric surgery are related to improvement in other medical conditions as a result of the weight loss. Significant health benefits from surgical weight loss may allow you to:
Feel better
Have more energy
Reduce your cholesterol levels
Improve or resolve type 2 diabetes
Decrease your risk of heart disease, stroke, fatty liver disease, osteoarthritis and gastroesophageal reflux
Improve your breathing and mobility
Address sleep apnea
You can find out if you’re a candidate for weight loss surgery by talking with your doctor. There are steps you need to take before you have surgery, and a conversation with your doctor provides options for getting to a healthy weight and reducing obesity health risks. Help is possible.
“We offer a free information seminar monthly so that folks can learn about weight loss surgery to decide if it is a tool they can use in the struggle against obesity” Dr. Jorge Sosa, Medical Director of the Bariatric Surgery Center of Excellence at Palmetto General Hospital. 
 
 
Article provided by Dr. Jorge Sosa from Palmetto General Hospital.
 
About Palmetto General Hospital 
 
Palmetto General Hospital is a 368 bed acute-care hospital located at 2001 West 68th Street in Hialeah, Florida. The hospital is part of Tenet Healthcare’s Miami-Dade Group and has been serving the medical and healthcare needs of the Hialeah community for more than 45 years. 
 
Palmetto General Hospital offers a broad range of services including: adult and pediatric emergency care, maternity, mental health, hyperbaric, wound care, sleep disorders center, a cardiac and vascular program that includes both medical and range of surgical services as well as a bariatric program, surgical oncology and the hospital is also a Joint Commission Accredited Comprehensive Stroke Center.  
 
Palmetto General Hospital has consistently won achievement awards with the American Heart Association’s Get With The Guidelines program. Palmetto General Hospital is a recipient of the American Heart Association (AHA) American Stroke Association’s Get with The Guidelines Stroke Gold Plus Quality Achievement Award with Target Stroke. Palmetto General Hospital’s Bariatric Surgery Program has been designated as a Center of Excellence in Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery and a Bariatric Center of Excellence. American College of Surgeons (ACS). Palmetto General Hospital, recently named one of the nation’s Top Performers on Key Quality Measures by the Joint Commission, which is the oldest and largest hospital accreditation agency. To learn more about Palmetto General Hospital, please visit www.palmettogeneral.com or call 1-800-522-5292
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